Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God: for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.
Remember the sanctity of the states proceeding from the Lord's Divine
Humanity, and ever keep in view His glorification while on earth, and remember
the necessity of following Him in the regeneration; for in the states
proceeding from the Divine Humanity, the Divine Love and Wisdom brought you
forth out of the natural unregenerate state when the soul was in a state of
ignorance and falsity.
You shall therefore sacrifice the passover to the LORD your God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to place his name there.
- You shall therefore regard as most holy to the Lord, all the goodness and
wisdom proceeding from the Lord's glorification and conjunction with mankind,
and the redemption effected thereby; and to Him shall you ascribe all the
spiritual and natural affections derived from that being in whom dwelt the
fullness of the Godhead visibly displayed in human form, namely, the Lord Jesus
You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shall you eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for you came forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that you may remember the day when you came forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.
- You shall not mix or imbibe any false doctrine with these holy states; in
them you shall receive pure good from heaven unmixed with evil, and regard it
as most holy, even though it seem distasteful to the natural man; for
deliverance from the unregenerate condition is thus rendered complete and
thorough: and by this means the deliverance by the Lord from the unregenerate
condition will be kept in view by the regenerate in all their alternating
And there shall be no leavened bread seen with you in all your coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which you sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
- And in these holy states derived from love to the Lord, none of the false
doctrines which are in the memory will be attended to; neither shall the same
good, from which you worshiped in the prior state of ignorance, remain in
your state of deliverance from evil and clear perception of truth.
[Note.—For this would be to endeavour to acquire genuine good from the
proprium, instead of receiving into the soul what is given by the Lord, day by
day. See AC 9299, 8478-8483.]
You may not sacrifice the passover within any of your gates, which the LORD your God gives you:
- You can not worship the Lord so as to receive pure innocence from Him
from any of the external principles or truths with which the Lord has gifted
But at the place which the LORD your God shall choose to place his name in, there you shall sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that you came forth out of Egypt.
- But in those states derived from the Divine Humanity alone, upon which the
Divine Love and Wisdom have impressed the true characteristics of Divinity,
from these you shall receive the genuine innocence of wisdom from the Lord at
the close and commencement of each fresh regenerate state, when the soul
perceives its own ignorance and obscurity (AE 401)—a state similar to that
in which you were brought forth by the Lord out of the natural unregenerate
And you shall roast and eat it in the place which the LORD your God shall choose: and you shall turn in the morning, and go to your tents.
- And the genuine good of innocence from the Lord will be adapted and
communicated to the soul in the states which you shall receive, derived from
the Love and Wisdom of the Lord's Divine Humanity. And in the new state of
light and illustration to which the soul will be brought, its principles of
action will be changed, and it will serve the Lord with more genuine worship
derived from love to Him.
Six days you shall eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD your God: you shall do no work therein.
- During the periods of temptations and combats with evil you shall be
sustained with pure truth from the Word unmixed with falsity; and at the close
of each regenerate state the combats shall cease by the reception in the soul
of the Love and Wisdom proceeding from the Lord's Humanity, and you shall
carry out the Lord's will without effort; and the mind shall be at peace.
[Note (verses 1-8).—For a detailed description of the meaning of the
Passover see explanation of Exodus, chap. xii. in the AC 7824-8020. It is
there shown that by the Passover, which is ever to be kept in mind, is
signified the deliverance of the spiritual man from hell by the Lord. This was
effected by His continual combats with hell when in the world, even to the
final combat of the Cross, by which all was finished, and His Humanity became
absolute Deity, apart from which it is not possible for the human mind to form
any true conception of the attributes and character of the Divine Being. To
receive the good desires and the knowledge of truth which flow from this
Divine Being, it is necessary to believe that He is absolute God, to do the
things which He said, and to conform the life as far as possible to His
example, by following Him in His combats with evil even to the death of self;
and it is the doctrine of the New Church that there is no other possible way
of salvation. Verses 1-8 describe the necessity of ever bearing this in mind.]
Seven weeks shall you number to you: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as you beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.
- The qualities derived from the conjunction of the Lord's Divine Humanity
with the human race will then be impressed on all your future states; these
qualities will be impressed upon you as soon as the truths sown in the heart
begin to bear fruit by being united to good (which is signified by the Feast
And you shall keep the feast of weeks to the LORD your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give to the LORD your God, according as the LORD your God has blessed you:
- And truths will be implanted in the soul in good derived from the Divine
Love and Wisdom, by which you shall render service to the Lord with all your
powers from a free principle of love according as you shall receive ability
from the Divine Love and Wisdom.
And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite that is within your gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD your God has chosen to place his name there.
- And the soul will be filled with joy from the Divine Love and Wisdom, both
the interior will and the principles of action and affections thence derived,
and the subservient faculties and affections of the mind, and the desires for
genuine good from the Lord which you have in the natural mind will be
recruited, and all those things in the mind which desire to be instructed and
led right, the truths which desire to be governed by heavenly affections, and
the affections which desire to be conjoined to true wisdom, and this joy shall
flow from the union of the Lord's Divine Humanity with the soul.
And you shall remember that you were a bondman in Egypt: and you shall observe and do these statutes.
- And you shall bear in mind how the soul suffered bondage from sin and
falsity in the natural unregenerate condition; and you shall carefully
observe and carry out the principles derived from following the footsteps of
the Lord in the regeneration, by which alone you are delivered from that
You shall observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that you have gathered in your corn and your wine:
- And you shall thus be brought to a state of love to the Lord (which is
signified by the Feast of Tabernacles), and a life according to perception
thence derived, when the soul has been well furnished by Him with right
principles of truth and doctrine.
And you shall rejoice in your feast, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within your gates.
- And the soul will be filled with happiness from the influx of good from
heaven, both the interior will and the truths and affections thence derived,
and the subordinate principles which are serviceable to good and truth, and
the holy desires which you have to rightly serve the Lord, and every
principle in the mind which desires to be led to better things, and all things
which are innocent but not yet under the direction of true wisdom, and the
affections which are not yet united to genuine good from the Lord in the
Seven days shall you keep a solemn feast to the LORD your God in the place which the LORD shall choose: because the LORD your God shall bless you in all your increase, and in all the works of your hands, therefore you shall surely rejoice.
- And you shall be brought to a state of peace, derived from the Love and
Wisdom proceeding from the Lord's Humanity; and because the Lord your God will
in that state bless you in all the developments of the soul, and in all its
endeavours after higher things, therefore the whole soul shall be filled with
Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD your God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:
- In all these states you shall seek to perceive the Lord with all your
intellectual powers as revealed in the Divine Humanity; namely, in those in
which the soul is sustained with pure truth from the Word, and in those in
which truth begins to be conjoined with good, and in those in which good is
the ruling principle in the mind; and when you shall perceive the Lord's
will, you shall endeavour to carry it out in the life.
Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God which he has given you.
- Every principle and faculty of the mind (shall endeavour to serve the
Lord), as far as they are able, according to the influx received from the
Divine Love and Wisdom.
Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the LORD your God gives you, throughout your tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgement.
- You shall watch with sound judgement and circumspection over all the
entrances from the external man into the soul, in the circumstances through
which you are led by the Divine Providence; and shall discriminate between
what is true and false with unbiassed judgement.
You shall not wrest judgement; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.
- You shall not permit your judgement to be warped by worldly desires; you
shall not permit what is fashionable or what is profitable to influence
your judgement of what is right; for the consideration of worldly advantage in
these matters blinds the understanding, and turns aside the dictates of
That which is altogether just shall you follow, that you may live, and inherit the land which the LORD your God gives you.
- That which is altogether in accordance with your perception of right you
shall follow, that your spiritual life may be recruited, and that you may
receive from the Lord those heavenly states which can be only acquired by
conforming the life to the Divine Love and Wisdom.
You shall not plant you a grove of any trees near to the altar of the LORD your God, which you shall make you.
- You shall not commingle anything of self-derived human wisdom and
intelligence with the holy worship of Divine Love and Wisdom, which you shall
receive and offer to the Lord.
Neither shall you set you up any image; which the LORD your God hates.
- Neither shall you make religion to consist in any doctrinal creed, or
external appearance of good, separate from the good derived from the Lord's
Divine Humanity (AC 3727); for this altogether averts the soul from the
Divine Goodness and Wisdom.