Spiritual Meaning of

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 Bride, Bridegroom

That where the Lord and the church are treated of, the bridegroom denotes good, and the bride truth, may be seen in the following passages:--

Jehovah hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, He hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom putteth on his headdress, and as a bride adorneth herself with her vessels (Isa. 61:10).

I saw the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband (Rev. 21:2).

The angel said, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the lamb's wife (Rev. 21:9);

where the bride denotes the church.

[10] In Matthew:--

Jesus said unto the disciples of John, Can the sons of the wedding mourn, so long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast (Matt. 9:15; Luke 5:34, 35);

those are called sons of the wedding who are in the truths of the church, and receive good, for the good which is from the Lord is the bridegroom; that the sons of the wedding do not mourn so long as the bridegroom is with them denotes that they are in a blessed and happy state, thus with the Lord, when they are in truths conjoined with their good; they shall fast when the bridegroom is taken away from them denotes that they are in an unhappy state when good is no longer conjoined with truths; this state is the last state of the church, but the former is its first state.

[11] The like is signified in (Matthew 25:1-12)by the bridegroom whom the ten virgins went forth to meet; for the virgins who had oil in their lamps denote those who have good in their truths, but those who had no oil in their lamps denote those who have no good in their truths (AC 4638); and that oil denotes the good of love, (AC 886, 3728, 4582).

[12] In John:--

John said, I am not the Christ, but I am sent before Him. He that hath the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth with joy because of the bridegroom's voice (John 3:28, 29);

the bride denotes the truth of faith of the church; and the bridegroom the good of love of the church, both from the Lord; thus they denote the man of the church with whom good has been conjoined with truths. From all this it is also plain what is meant in the internal sense by the joy and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride in (Isa. 62:5; Jer. 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; 33:11; Rev. 18:23); namely, heaven and the happiness resulting from the conjunction of good and truth with man and angel.

from AC 9182

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Author:  E. Swedenborg (1688-1772). Design:  I.J. Thompson, Feb 2002. www.BibleMeanings.info